The nuclear program of Iran became an issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of their two previous unreported nuclear facilities back in 2002 on the month of August. The two of the facilities that they have which is the uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and also the heavy water reactor based on Arak comes with two possible nuclear weapon application.
The negotiations that in fact were made in Iran and the Western countries that started in August 2002, which actually failed in creating long-term solutions. Following with the negotiations that were made by the EU-3, which is UK, Germany and France, Iran then agreed later on in suspending all its uranium enrichment activities. The EU-3 also acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and promised in supplying Iran with modern technology after it could provide enough assurance to its international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.
For almost the same time, EU-3 offered Iran its different benefits as a return of its permanent cessation on the uranium enrichment as well as other activities that are related with its possible nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. However, Iran had rejected such offer and the Iranian nuclear officials considers this very insulting as well as humiliating.
The US and the EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) refer Iran to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for any possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran then informed IAEA on its second uranium enrichment facility, which is under construction that’s near the city of Qom. France, US and Britain issued a joint statement that argues on the disclosure about their secret facility, which they in fact say is a growing concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. But, Iran claimed that it was not required to inform IAEA about their new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA likewise stated that the delay of Iran being able to submit the information to the agency does not contribute on its building of confidence.
After its revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC and the IAEA. After the talks were made, the IAEA provide Iran about draft deals that sees Iran ships for most of the low-enriched uranium to Russia regarding further enrichment as well as fuel returned to Iran on the use of medical research and cancer treatment. Iran also proposed some changes on its draft agreement, which however was rejected by the P5+1 and this deal went to nowhere.